TEFL theory and methodology

A look at some of the theoretical and practical issues in English language learning and teaching, including the difference between language learning and acquisition and whether or not it’s important to teach grammar.

A Guide to Testing in English Language Teaching

When we train as English language teachers, testing is often one of the parts of the job that doesn't get much attention. So here's a guide to how, why and when we test our students, and how to do it well.

Effective Learners and a Learner-Centered Classroom

Designing effective learning requirements requires a clear understanding of, and attention to, both commonalities and differences in the learners and the learning.

Language Acquisition vs Language Learning

In order to acquire language, learners need a source of natural communication. Unfortunately, with adult students, a quick look at current methodologies clearly shows that communication is set aside, neglected or even disregarded.

Language Acquisition in Adult Learners

How do adults acquire a second language, and what can we learn from this as ESL teachers?

Authentic vs. Graded Material in Second Languages

What are the pros and cons of using authentic versus graded material in the second language classroom?

Should TEFL Teachers Be Bilingual?

There are reasons both for and against having bilingual TEFL teachers. Here are some arguments on each side.

Grammar Teaching: Implicit or Explicit?

Should we be teaching grammar implicitly, in context and communicatively, or explicitly, with rules-based grammar lessons? Or is a combination of the two the most effective way?

Teaching Your ESL Students to Understand Real English

In class, do you slow down your speech and try to articulate a little more precisely than you do when talking to other native speakers, or talk at your normal speed?

What Is Standard English?

So does it really matter? With the rise of Internet technologies and an ever growing global economy, does anyone actually speak a pure form of their own English anymore?

English Only in the EFL Classroom: Worth the Hassle?

Is there a case for using learners' L1 in the second language classroom, as long as this use is strictly controlled?

The Silent Period of Second Language Acquisition

There are five stages in the second language acquisition process, and the Silent Period is probably the most misunderstood, ignored or even unknown both by teachers and students.

Is Grammar Really Important for a Second Language Learner?

Should students be learning from exclusively grammar courses, communicative courses, or something in between? Is grammar important, and if so, why?