An A-Z of terms, terminology and ideas in English language teaching, including how to ask concept questions, how to write a lesson plan and the different features of connected speech.


Back channelling

Back channelling is the feedback which a listener gives to a speaker to show that (s)he is following, or understands what the speaker is saying.

Interactive Story Telling

Genre in TEFL

In English language teaching, a genre is a text type (spoken or written) which has a distinctive form and content and which is socio-culturally recognisable.

Top down and bottom up processing

Top Down vs Bottom Up Processing

The way in which we process (and therefore understand) written and spoken texts is often described as either top-down or bottom-up. So what do we mean by this?


Teaching techniques: Concept questions

Concept questions (also referred to as concept checking questions or CCQs) are questions designed to check learners’ understanding of a language item. So how do we make them?

Phonemic chart

Phonemic Chart for TEFL

This phonemic chart contains all of the 44 sounds, or phonemes, found in spoken English, with the symbols taken from the International Phonetic Alphabet.