Back channelling is the feedback which a listener gives to a speaker to show that (s)he is following, or understands what the speaker is saying.
Articles and Guides
What’s the difference between a tense and an aspect in English, and what are the different tenses and aspects?
In English language teaching, a genre is a text type (spoken or written) which has a distinctive form and content and which is socio-culturally recognisable.
The way in which we process (and therefore understand) written and spoken texts is often described as either top-down or bottom-up. So what do we mean by this?
A look at anaphoric, cataphoric and exophoric referencing in English language teaching.
When should we check that our learners understand, and how should we check their understanding?
Concept questions (also referred to as concept checking questions or CCQs) are questions designed to check learners’ understanding of a language item. So how do we make them?
A look at assimilation, elision, delayed plosion, catenation and intrusion in connected speech.
A list of some of the more common irregular verbs in English.
This phonemic chart contains all of the 44 sounds, or phonemes, found in spoken English, with the symbols taken from the International Phonetic Alphabet.
What is a lesson plan, do we need one, and what should it include?
Drilling is a way of standardising pronunciation of a language item and developing fluidity. When and how should we drill language in a TEFL lesson?