English grammar – Too & enough


too + adjective/adverb
too much/many + noun
too much/many + of + pronoun/determiner

adjective/adverb + enough
enough + noun
enough + of + pronoun/determiner


  1. Too is used to mean more than sufficient or more/less than necessary.
    • It’s too late to stop him.
    • Jerry was too young to watch the movie.
    • There are too many people on this train, there’s nowhere to sit.
    • You have too much money, give some to me.
    • You’ve eaten too many of those cakes.
  2. Enough is used to mean sufficient
    • Your clothes are big enough to fit me.
    • You’ve done enough work. You can stop now.
    • Have you got enough money to buy me a drink?
  3. Enough is used in negative sentences to mean less than sufficient or less than necessary.
    • You’re not working fast enough, you won’t finish on time.
    • Sorry, I haven’t got enough food for everyone.
    • Not enough of my friends are coming to the party.

Additional points

  1. Enough can be used without a noun if the meaning is clear.
    • There’s a lot of food but not enough for everyone.
  2. Enough can be replaced with the before a noun.
    • I don’t have the money to go on holiday.
    • His company doesn’t have the resources to do the job.
  3. Time or room can be used alone to mean enough time or enough room.
    • Is there room in your car for one more person?
    • Do we have time for a coffee?

Related grammar points


3 teaching ideas

  1. Thiby says:

    I usually ask a student to stand up and try to reach the ceiling. After the others see that it is not possible, I ask “why can’t he do it?” If they don’t give me the correct structure, I tell them that “he/she isn’t tall enough” and that “he/she is too short”…

  2. Monica says:

    Find pictures, for example of a small girl standing next to a bicycle (adult) and say:

    “What’s the problem? Why can’t she ride the bike?”

    The students should come up with: “It’s too big or she’s too small”

  3. Mariam says:

    I think the best way to teach this lesson is by using visual aids and pictures. For example, you could show 3 cups of water. One with a little water at the bottom, one full of water and one with water overflowing… students should reach the meaning on their own.

Add your teaching idea

Your email address will not be published.