Be used to
Few and Little
Get Used To
Have and Have Got
Lend and Borrow
Past Perfect Continuous
Past Perfect Simple
Present Perfect Continuous
Present Perfect Simple
Say and Tell
Small and Little
So and Such
Too and Enough
Will and Going to
too + adjective or adverb
too much/many + noun
too much/many + of + pronoun/determiner
adjective or adverb + enough
enough + noun
enough + of + pronoun/determiner
Give the rules of both in a very simple way and give importance to exercises, example sentences. I start
with too. Students convert the sentences fromtoo to enough.
"She is too young to go to a disco by herself." _______________ (enough)
"She isn't old enough to go to a disco by herself."
Find pictures, for example a small girl standing next to a bicycle (adult) and say:
"What's the problem? Why can't she ride the bike?"
The students should come up with: "It's too big or she's too small..."
I usually show the students a picture of a fat woman and ask them if she can win a race and why. I then elicit sentences like:
"She is too fat to win a race or she is not fast enough..."
Another picture shows a man trying to change a bulb, but can't because he's short. Of course, visual aids are very important for this activity. I also show them picture of poor people and help students make sentences such as:
"They are too poor to buy a car / they're not rich enough..." etc.
When I teach the difference between too and enough, I take a cup and fill it with water
until it overflows: students cry out: 'It's too much!'
I then take another cup and will ask students to tell me when I fill the cup
until I have enough: They tell me: 'Enough!' Then I ask the students to
give me more examples of too and enough. It works with young children (who need visuals) as well as with students around 18!
I usually ask a student to stand up and try to reach the ceiling. After the others see that it not
possible, I ask why he cant do it. If they don't give the answer I want, I say
that the student isn't tall enough and then that he is too short to do it.
I usually tell ss that an average size man needs to buy clothes and he goes to a clothing store where he
finds several items like big shoes, a small shirt or an expensive suit, then he
leaves the store feeling sad becasue he is not satisfied. I show pictures with
the real size of the man and the items. Students notice the items are not right
for him and i elict "too" and "not... enough" with the nouns
If you have a good way of introducing or practising this grammar point, tell us about it here...
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