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auxiliary verb + subject
- We use the same auxiliary verb in the tag as in the main sentence. If there is no auxiliary verb in the main sentence, we use do in the tag.
- You live in Spain, don’t you?
- If the auxiliary verb in the sentence is affirmative, the tag is negative.
- You’re Spanish, aren’t you?
- If the auxiliary verb in the sentence is negative, the tag is affirmative.
- You’re not Spanish, are you?
- We use tag questions to Confirm or check information or ask for agreement.
- You want to come with me, don’t you?
- You can swim, can’t you?
- You don’t know where the boss is, do you?
- This meal is horrible, isn’t it?
- That film was fantastic, wasn’t it?
- We use tag questions to Check whether something is true.
- The meeting’s tomorrow at 9am, isn’t it?
- You won’t go without me, will you?
- In the present form of be: if the subject is “I”, the auxiliary changes to are or aren’t in the tag question.
- I’m sitting next to you, aren’t I?
- I’m a little red, aren’t I?
- With let’s, the tag question is shall we?
- Let’s go to the beach, shall we?
- Let’s have a coffee, shall we?
- With an imperative, the tag question is will you?
- Close the window, will you?
- Hold this, will you?
- We use an affirmative tag question after a sentence containing a negative word such as never, hardly, nobody.
- Nobody lives in this house, do they?
- You’ve never liked me, have you?
- When the subject is nothing, we use “it” in the tag question.
- Nothing bad happened, did it?
- Nothing ever happens, does it?
- If the subject is nobody, somebody, everybody, no one, someone or everyone, we use “they” in the tag question.
- Nobody asked for me, did they?
- Nobody lives here, do they?
- If the main verb in the sentence is have (not an auxiliary verb), it is more common to use do in the tag question.
- You have a Ferrari, don’t you?
- She had a great time, didn’t she?
- With used to, we use “didn’t” in the tag question.
- You used to work here, didn’t you?
- He used to have long hair, didn’t he?
- We can use affirmative tag questions after affirmative sentences to express a reaction such as surprise or interest.
- You’re moving to Brazil, are you?
- If we don’t know the answer, it is a real question and we use a rising intonation with the tag question.
- You don’t know where the boss is, do you? ↗
- If we know the answer and are just confirming the information a falling intonation is used with the tag question.
- That film was fantastic, wasn’t it? ↘