am/is/are + present participle (verb + ing)
- Present continuous is used to talk about something that is happening at the time of speaking. The action is not finished.
- He is speaking to John.
- What is she doing?
- Present continuous is used to talk about temporary situations.
- I ‘m living in London at the moment.
- Why is she moving house?
- Present continuous is used to talk about changing situations.
- You’re getting taller and taller every day.
- The weather‘s getting warmer.
- Present continuous is used to talk about repeated actions around the time of speaking.
- I’m seeing Jane a lot these days.
- Present continuous is used to talk about future arrangements.
- I’m meeting my father at the airport at 5 o’clock tomorrow.
- We’re having lunch together at the weekend.
- Present continuous is used with words such as ALWAYS to talk about things that happen repeatedly (sometimes to say that something is irritating or annoying).
- She‘s always complaining about how difficult her life is.
- When we are talking about how someone looks or feels, present continuous or present simple can be used.
- How are you feeling? / How do you feel?
- Jenny is looking really good today? / Jenny looks really good today.
Some verbs are not normally used with present continuous because these verbs are not normally action verbs, for example: believe, belong, depend, hate, know, like, love, mean, need, prefer, realise, suppose, want, understand.
- They know each other very well – correct
- They are knowing each other very well – incorrect