Be used to
Few and Little
Get Used To
Have and Have Got
Lend and Borrow
Past Perfect Continuous
Past Perfect Simple
Present Perfect Continuous
Present Perfect Simple
Say and Tell
Small and Little
So and Such
Too and Enough
Will and Going to
borrow something (from someone)
lend something to someone
lend someone something
I make a list of objects on
the board and ask students if they would be prepared to lend them to someone
special, to someone they don't know very well, or if they wouldn't ever lend the
object to anyone. Give reasons.
A book you read and loved
Your mobile phone
Your boyfriend (joke!)
Your notes on a topic for exam preparation (they are the result of many hours of hard work!)
Your favourite outfit
I use "would you...?" and "can I...?" questions. Students are asked to complete the structure using borrow and lend + noun, then take turns using the structures with a partner. After this, I get students to generate the rule for using "borrow" and "lend"; i.e. borrow - to take, lend - to give.
I normally tell students to write down a few sentences using the lend and borrow. After correction of the sentences, I give them a situation they have to roleplay. Try giving them awkward situations. For example, reasons why they can't lend something to another student!
Choose a list of objects, such
as money, hairbrush, a car, a camera, etc. Put students in groups and have them
discuss which objects they would feel comfortable borrowing and from whom. Then
have them talk about which objects they would be willing to lend and to whom.
Ex: I would only borrow money from my family, but I would lend money to a good
Give students 3-5 small cards with a picture of a different object on each card. Choose objects that different students may or may not want, such as a TV, an Ipod, a bike, a dog, a lizard, a set of Dickens. Students have 5 minutes to negotiate with others to get rid of objects they don't want and get the things they do want. Ex: I'll lend you my electronic dictionary if I can borrow your Ipod. I will lend you my Ipod if I can borrow your electronic dictionary and your skateboard.
The L in Lend can be
remembered as L for Lose. So if you "L"end something to someone, you're "L"osing
it for that period of time.
The B in Borrow can be remembered as B for Bargain. So if you receive something from someone, you're the one getting a something (a bargain!), and is thus borrowing it from said person.
Jack lends a book to Jill, but Jill borrows a book from Jack.
Downloadable grammar worksheets and activities
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