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Is anyone doing the pre-interview task for Blackburn College?

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  • celdershaw1
    Participant
    9 July, 2012 at 20:02
    • Total posts: 1

    Below is the CELTA pre-interview task required by Blackburn College. I am due to complete this by Friday and am really struggling. I have managed to do attempt 3,4,5 & 8 but am finding the others quite hard unfortunately. For example, I understand on 1. a is a request and b is an enquiry and g. a demand perhaps? But I’m unsure of the rest.

    If anyone could help with some hints and tips or point me in the direct of resources via the internet where I could find help I would be really grateful.

    1) When you are teaching, it is often important to be as aware of the function of the piece of language as of its grammatical structure. The following pairs of sentences appear similar but have important functional differences that would normally ensure that they were not taught together. What are the different functions (e.g.: ordering/complaining)?
    a. Can you help me with my homework?
    b. Can you play badminton?
    c. Would you marry him, if he asked you? d. Would you mind closing the door?
    e. You must complete the form in duplicate.
    f. You must be exhausted.
    g. Will you please stop the noise!
    h. Will you be here for the conference?

    Now think of 2 different examples of sentences expressing the function of:
    i. Complaining (about the weather)
    ii. An offer to help (carrying something)

    3) Correct the following typical mistakes; explain the mistake in terms of grammar.
    1. Sarah drinks in the bar at the moment.
    2. I am liking this course.
    3. I’m going to the cinema every Thursday.
    4. I’ll give you a ring when I’ll arrive.
    5. I am here since September.
    6. She’s done it yesterday.
    7. I talked on the phone when Helen arrived.
    8. I come from big city on coast.
    9. Many guests died in the fire but John could escape.
    10. I’m sorry, I’m not agree with you.
    11. You didn’t tell me where is the coat.

    4) Match the grammatical terms on the right with the examples on the left:

    1.Phrasal verb a. I like fishing.
    2.Gerund b. We must go now.
    3.Infinitive of purpose c. Have you finished the book?
    4.Inversion d. Who turned up at the party?
    5.Auxiliary verb e. The car’s been mended.
    6.Modal verb f.I would have called, but I couldn’t find a phone box.
    7.Passive g.He’s come to fix the taps.
    8.Conditional h.That’s the house where I was born.
    9.Past participle i.Hardly had I gone out than it began to rain.

    5) Write sentences using each of the following:

    1. Present simple 10. Uncountable noun
    2. Present continuous 11. Countable noun
    3. Past simple 12. Preposition of time/place
    4. Past continuous 13. Question tag
    5. Present perfect 14. Compound noun
    6. Present perfect continuous 15. Possessive pronoun
    7. Past perfect 16. Relative pronoun
    8. Past perfect continuous 17. Irregular verb
    9. Adverb 18. Definite/indefinite article

    6) Mark the main stress in the following words. Some words may have more than one possibility. Which words, and why?
    photograph necessary vegetable photography diplomacy acrobat hotel record regret wholesale desert particular

    7) There is more than one place that can be stressed in a sentence. This necessarily influences the meaning. Show all the possibilities for placing stress in the sentence below, and paraphrase the different meanings:

    She might have asked him to sell the car.

    8) An elementary learner (vocab of 1500 words) asks you to explain the difference between:

    1. coach/bus
    2. travel/journey
    3. newspaper/magazine

    How would you make these points clear? What would you actually say? Please state the exact words you would use, using speech marks: “ “.

    I am not the most academic and really struggling. I understand that 1) a. Is a request whereas b. is an enquiry perhaps and I think g. may be a demand but that is about it and I don’t really understand the rest:(
    I have completed 3,4,5 & 8 but I don’t understand 6 with the stressed part of the words. For example: photograph, is it tog? or vegetable, veg? I just don’t understand?
    Additionally, since I don’t understand the stress in ONE word I have 0 knowledge of the stresses in a sentence in question 7.

    I would be so, incredibly eternally grateful if anyone could help or could offer some hints and tips? I understand that all CELTA are quite similar so if anyone has completed some others like this and know of some websites which can offer help once again, I would be very grateful.

    Thank again, Best wishes,
    Clare

    dan
    Moderator
    11 July, 2012 at 9:14
    • Total posts: 770

    Hi Clare

    I’ll try and give you a few tips for answering these questions:

    1) When you are teaching, it is often important to be as aware of the function of the piece of language as of its grammatical structure. The following pairs of sentences appear similar but have important functional differences that would normally ensure that they were not taught together. What are the different functions (e.g.: ordering/complaining)?
    a. Can you help me with my homework?
    b. Can you play badminton?
    c. Would you marry him, if he asked you? d. Would you mind closing the door?
    e. You must complete the form in duplicate.
    f. You must be exhausted.
    g. Will you please stop the noise!
    h. Will you be here for the conference?

    This question is asking you to recognise that one language item, for example the word "will", can have several different functions or uses.

    You’re already thinking along the right lines here when you say that (a) is a request. For each sentence, think of a situation where you might say it. For example with (b), you might be looking for a partner to play badminton with, and so you ask your friend "Can you play badminton?" What is the function of "can" in this case? Are we using it to make a request, or to talk about an ability, for example? It might help also to think of the answer to the question, which would be "Yes, I can", or "No, I can’t".

    Try thinking along these lines for the others and you’ll be on the right track.

    Now think of 2 different examples of sentences expressing the function of:
    i. Complaining (about the weather)
    ii. An offer to help (carrying something)

    Remember that one language item can express different functions, and vice versa – one function (for example complaining) can be expressed by different language items. So you need to think of different language we use to make a complaint and an offer of help.

    6) Mark the main stress in the following words. Some words may have more than one possibility. Which words, and why?
    photograph necessary vegetable photography diplomacy acrobat hotel record regret wholesale desert particular

    Say the word to yourself out loud and try to hear which syllable is slightly more pronounced, or stressed, than the others. You’re correct with vegetable – the stress is on the first syllable.

    For the second part of the question, experiment a little – try changing the syllable that is stressed when you say the word out loud and see if you produce a different word as a result.

    7) There is more than one place that can be stressed in a sentence. This necessarily influences the meaning. Show all the possibilities for placing stress in the sentence below, and paraphrase the different meanings:

    She might have asked him to sell the car.

    Question 6 was asking about stress within individual words. this question is asking about stress within a sentence. Again, try saying the sentence out loud, emphasising a different word each time. Why, for example, might we choose to stress the word "She"?

    She might have asked him to sell the car.

    What happens if, instead of stressing the word "She", we stress the word "car"? It might help to imagine that the sentence is not finished – how might it continue? To get you started, here’s the first word of the continuation:

    She might have asked him to sell the car, not…

    An elementary learner (vocab of 1500 words) asks you to explain the difference between:

    1. coach/bus
    2. travel/journey
    3. newspaper/magazine

    How would you make these points clear? What would you actually say? Please state the exact words you would use, using speech marks: “ “.

    The key here is that the learner is elementary level, so think about the language you could use to exaplain a word. When explaining "magazine", for example, it would be no good saying "A magazine is a glossy collection of articles bound together like a book", because the language you are using is far more complicated than the word you are trying to explain. So that’s the first thing to remember. In this question though, it’s asking you to explain the difference between two words. If a learner is asking you to explain the difference, that means that he/she already has some idea of one of the meaning of one of the words. This means that you can focus on the key features which distinguish the two things. For example, for "motorbike" and "bicycle", the key feature you might highlight is that one has an engine, and the other doesn’t. or you could think in terms of how they are powered – one uses, petrol, one uses your feet!

    I hope this helps to get you started. Remember that they’re not looking for perfect answers because this is a pre-course task – what hey’re looking for is that you have some awareness of the language.

    If you want to have a go at the questions using these tips and then post again with your ideas for some more feedback, no problem.

    Good luck! Dan

    Slearning
    Participant
    28 April, 2017 at 15:32
    • Total posts: 1

    Hi celdershaw1
    Did you complete the pre interview task? I’m struggling!

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