So here’s a question from “Skills for the TOEIC”
-Several members of the audience left the auditorium before the speaker_______ his speech.
(B) have finished
(C) had finished
(D) had been finished
The answer is C, so my question is, (why )is the sentence correct? Should it not be the audience HAD LEFT since this action took place before the speaker FINISHED his speech?
22 August, 2018 at 13:43
Total posts: 590
In sentences like this (with “before”) the past perfect can refer to a time [u]after[/u] the action in the main verb. I know this sounds like a strange thing to say, but it is perfectly correct.
We could say the sentence like this, with past simple in both clauses:
[i]Several members of the audience [b]left[/b] the auditorium before the speaker [b]finished[/b] his speech.[/i]
This, to me, is just a statement of fact, whereas using the past perfect implies, I think, that it is quite surprising that they left:
[i]Several members of the audience [b]left[/b] the auditorium before the speaker [b]had finished[/b] his speech![/i]
The other way to look at this is that answer (C) is the only possible grammatically correct answer anyway. If you take the clause in isolation, none of the others make sense grammatically:
before the speaker finishing his speech.
before the speaker have finished his speech.
before the speaker had been finished his speech.