Theory and methodology

Learner centred classroom

Effective Learners and a Learner-Centered Classroom

Designing effective learning requirements requires a clear understanding of, and attention to, both commonalities and differences in the learners and the learning.
Language acquisition

Language Acquisition vs Language Learning

According to linguists, there is an important distinction between language acquisition and language learning. As you may well have noticed, children acquire their mother tongue through […]
Students in a classroom

Language Acquisition in Adult Learners

How do adults acquire a second language, and what can we learn from this as ESL teachers?

Authentic vs. Graded Material in Second Languages

What are the pros and cons of using authentic versus graded material in the second language classroom?
ELT books and dictionaries

Should TEFL Teachers Be Bilingual?

There are reasons both for and against having bilingual TEFL teachers. Here are some arguments on each side.

Grammar Teaching: Implicit or Explicit?

Based on my 15 years of EFL (English as a Foreign Language) teaching experience, the statement “grammar teaching should be implicit, not explicit” could be argued […]

Teaching Your ESL Students to Understand Real English

In class, do you slow down your speech and try to articulate a little more precisely than you do when talking to other native speakers? I […]
American and British English

What Is Standard English?

So does it really matter? Surely in today’s world such differences only cause minor misunderstandings. With the rise of Internet technologies and an ever growing global […]
Speak English

English Only in the EFL Classroom: Worth the Hassle?

Is there a case for using learners' L1 in the second language classroom, as long as this use is strictly controlled?
Phonemic chart

A new look at teaching pronunciation to ESL students

Do you avoid teaching pronunciation? How about going right back to the level of the phoneme to build learners' confidence?
Silent period of second language acquisition

The Silent Period of Second Language Acquisition

There are five different stages in the second language acquisition process: The Silent Period The Early Production Period The Speech Emergence Period The Intermediate Production Period […]

Is Grammar Really Important for a Second Language Learner?

This is a typical question that I receive from many new students and website visitors. My answer is clear and simple: “indeed.” Grammar is the backbone […]